- B vitaminsB vitamins: In human research, drinking beer decreased levels of serum vitamin B12 (68).
- ElectrolytesElectrolytes: According to expert opinion, alcohol in beer can increase urine flow, likely due to alcohol's inhibitory effects on the release of antidiuretic hormone (ADH). Theoretically, due to the diuretic effects of alcohol, electrolyte disturbances may occur.
- GlucoseGlucose: According to secondary sources, the alcohol in beer may increase the risk of adverse effects, including hypoglycemia.
- Lipid profileLipid profile: Moderate beer drinking significantly lowered levels of LDL cholesterol in humans (116; 133; 81; 117; 42).
- SalicylatesSalicylates: Beer decreased the bioavailability of salicylates in healthy volunteers (66).
- SodiumSodium: According to a case report, beer consumption may result in a reduction in total body sodium (55).
- TestosteroneTestosterone: Drinking moderate amounts of beer decreased plasma testosterone levels in men, but not in women (42).
- Vitamin CVitamin C: Drinking beer has been shown to decrease plasma ascorbic acid levels (71).
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